1.A.5.a - Other, Stationary (including Military)

Short description

In sub-category 1.A.5.a - Other, Stationary (including Military) emissions from stationary fuel combustion in military facilities are reported.

NFR Code Method AD EF
1.A.5.a T2, T3 NS CS

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Method(s) applied
D Default
T1 Tier 1 / Simple Methodology *
T2 Tier 2*
T3 Tier 3 / Detailed Methodology *
CS Country Specific
M Model
* as described in the EMEP/EEA Emission Inventory Guidebook - 2019, in category chapters.
(source for) Activity Data
NS National Statistics
RS Regional Statistics
IS International Statistics
PS Plant Specific
As Associations, business organisations
Q specific Questionnaires (or surveys)
M Model / Modelled
C Confidential
(source for) Emission Factors
D Default (EMEP Guidebook)
CS Country Specific
PS Plant Specific
M Model / Modelled
C Confidential

-/- L/T -/- -/- -/- -/- -/- -/- -/- NE NE -/- NE NE NE NE NE NE -/- -/- -/- -/-

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L/- key source by Level only
-/T key source by Trend only
L/T key source by both Level and Trend
-/- no key source for this pollutant
IE emission of specific pollutant Included Elsewhere (i.e. in another category)
NE emission of specific pollutant Not Estimated (yet)
NA specific pollutant not emitted from this source or activity = Not Applicable


Activity Data

The National Energy Balance of the Federal Republic of Germany (NEB) provides the basis for the activity data used.

However, since 1995 the NEB does not provide separate listings of military agencies' final energy consumption. Instead, these data is included in NEB line 67: 'commerce, trade, services and other consumers'. Therefore, additional energy statistics and fuel-specific data from the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg, 2020)1) is being used, providing the “Energy input for heat production in the German Federal Armed Forces” for all years as of 2000.

For liquid fuels, data is derived from the official mineral-oil data of the Federal Republic of Germany (Amtliche Mineralöldaten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), compiled annually by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA, 2020) 2). The consumption figures given in units of [1000 t] are converted into [TJ] based on the relevant heating statistics published by the Working Group on Energy Balances.

All non-NEB figures are deducted from the figures in NEB line 67 (commerce, trade, services) and are reported in 1.A.5, rather than in 1.A.4.

Emission Factors

The database for the emission factors used for source category 1.A.5.a consists of the results of a research project carried out by the University of Stuttgart, under commission to the Federal Environment Agency (Struschka, 2008)3). Within that project, device-related and source-category-specific emission factors for combustion systems in military agencies were calculated, with a high level of detail, for all important emissions components for the reference year 2005. The method used to determine the factors conforms to that described for source category 1.A.4. The following table shows the sectoral emission factors used.

Table 1: Emission factors for Military stationary combustion plants

Hard coal 46 403 1
Brown coal briquettes 86 289 332
Light heating oil 46 77 2.8
Gaseous fuels 25 0.5 0.34

Trend discussion for key sources

The following charts give an overview and assistance for explaining dominant emission trends of selected pollutants.

NMVOC emissions show a remarkable falling trend with an over-all reduction of 99.95% (no chart for this) due to the closure of military agencies especially at the beginning of the 1990s as well as the reduced use of lignite for heating purposes (see activity data chart above). However, since 2010, total emissions are increasing again (on a very low level) due to the increased use of biogas.


For the purpose of improving the data quality of the Emission Inventory, National Energy Balances for the years 2003 to 2021 have gone under revisions through fine-tuning of the computational models, consideration of new statistics or re-allocation of activity data, along with other revision mechanisms. These updates led to re-calculations in fuel uses in different sub-categories and in their corresponding emissions.

For pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates for Base Year and 2021, please see the recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

Currently, no improvements are planned.

1) Bundesministerium der Verteidigung: Energieeinsatz zur Wärmeversorgung der Bundeswehr (unpublished).
2) BAFA, 2020: Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA): Official petroleum data of the Federal Republic of Germany 2018; table 7j, column: 'An das Militär', Eschborn, 2020
3) Struschka, Dr. M., Kilgus, D., Springmann, M.; Baumbach, Prof.Dr. Günter: Effiziente Bereitstellung aktueller Emissonsdaten für die Luftreinhaltung; UBA Forschungsbericht 205 42 322; Dessau, 2008. URL: *https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/publikationen/effiziente-bereitstellung-aktueller-emissionsdaten