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Explanation of Key Trends - Fine Particulate Matter (PM₁₀)
Between 1995 and 2021, total PM10 emissions dropped by 47.1%.
The Main Drivers for PMsub>10</sub> emissions are Fuel Combustion (NFR 1.A) with 48% of total 1995 emissions and a 59% reduction between 1995 and 2021 and as a sum the Industrial Processes (NFR 2) (and especially Handling of Bulk Products NFR 2.L therein) with 40% of total 1995 emissions and a 44% reduction.
Within NFR 1.A, Transport (NFR 1.A.3) produces the biggest part of PM10 emissions. Here, about three quarters of the 2021 Transport PM10 emissions are produced by Road Transport (NFR 1.A.3.b), half of which is directly caused by fuel combustion (NFR 1.A.3.b.i - iv) and the other half by road abrasion and tyre and brake wear (NFR 1.A.3.b.vi - vii).
Table: PM10 Emissions 1990-2021, in kilotonnes [kt]
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