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2.D.3.b - Road Paving
|Key Category||SO₂||NOₓ||NH₃||NMVOC||CO||BC||Pb||Hg||Cd||Diox||PAH||HCB||TSP||PM₁₀||PM₂ ₅|
Currently, the report tables list produced quantities of mixed asphalt products (from stationary installations only) and NMVOC, NOx and SO2 emissions caused of this. Only emissions from asphalt production are reported. Figures relative to emissions released during laying of asphalt have not been examined.
The applicable quantity of mixed asphalt products produced (activity rate) has been taken from communications of the Deutscher Asphaltverband (DAV; German asphalt association). In total about 660 asphalt-mixing plants produce more than 40 Million tonnes of hot-mix for road paving 1).
Emission factors have been determined country-specifically, pursuant to Tier 2. For determination of emission factors for emissions measurements from over 400 asphalt-mixing plants, made during the period 1989 through 2000, were used. The majority of the emissions occur during drying of pertinent mineral substances. Almost all of the NMVOC emissions originate in the organic raw materials used, and they are released primarily in parallel-drum operation, as well as from mixers and loading areas. On average, about 50% of the NOx and SOx involved come from the mineral substances (proportional process emissions). CO emissions are calculated solely in connection with fuel inputs.
Table 1: Overview of applied emission factors, in kg/t
|pollutant||Name of Category||EF value||EF trend|
|NMVOC||Production of mixed asphalt||0.030||constant|
|NOₓ||Production of mixed asphalt||0.015||constant|
|SOₓ||Production of mixed asphalt||0.030||constant|
|TSP||Production of mixed asphalt||0.006||constant|
|PM₁₀||Production of mixed asphalt||0.0057||constant|
|PM₂.₅||Production of mixed asphalt||0.003||constant|
Trends in emissions
All trends in emissions correspond to trends of production amount. No rising trends are to identify.
With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.
At the moment, no category-specific improvements are planned.